This section covers the following topics:
Once an applet it is cached, it no longer needs to be downloaded when referenced again. Thus performance is improved.
This release introduces an alternative form of applet caching, allowing an applet deployer to decide if an applet should be sticky, i.e., placed in a disk cache created and controlled by Java Plug-in which the browser cannot overwrite. The only time a sticky applet gets downloaded after caching is when it is updated on the server; otherwise the applet is always available for fast loading. Applets providing core business applications should be made sticky to improve startup performance.
This new feature is activated by including the new
cache_version , and
values in the
OBJECT/EMBED tag as described below.
The cache_archive attribute contains a list of the files to be cached:
<PARAM NAME="cache_archive" VALUE="a.jar,b.jar,c.jar">
Like the archive attribute in the APPLET tag, the list of
.jar files in the cache_archive attribute do not contain
the full URL, but are always downloaded from the codebase .
The cache_version is an optional attribute. If used, it contains a list of file versions to be cached:
<PARAM NAME="cache_version" VALUE="22.214.171.124, 126.96.36.199, 188.8.131.52">
Each version number is in the form
x is a hexadecimal number. Each version number corresponds to a
.jar file in the cache_archive.
In order to allow
.jar files, the HTML parameter
can be used. This parameter allows you to specify whether the
file needs to be pre-loaded; optionally the version of the
file can also be specified.
has the following format:
VALUE="<jar_file_name>;<preload(optional)>;<jar_file_version(optional)>,<jar_file_name>; <preload(optional)>;<jar_file_version(optional)>, ..."
The optional tags
jar_file_version can appear after
jar_file_name in any order seperated by the delimiter
," separates multiple entries.
The following shows how these tags might be used in an HTML page:
|<OBJECT .... >
<PARAM NAME="archive" VALUE="a.jar">
<PARAM NAME="cache_archive" VALUE="b.jar, c.jar, d.jar">
<PARAM NAME="cache_version" VALUE="0.0.0.1, 0.0.2A.1, 0.3D.22.FFFE">
<PARAM NAME="cache_archive_ex" VALUE="applet.jar;preload, util.jar;preload;0.9.0.AC1, tools.jar;0.9.8.7F">
In the above example,
a.jar is specified in
d.jar are specified
cache_archive. The versions are also specified for
0.3D.22.FFFE, respectively. In
applet.jar is specified to be pre-loaded.
is also specified to be pre-loaded but along with the version. For
only version is specified.
Java Plug-In doesn't compare the versions if they are not specified for all
.jar files specified in HTML parameter
cache_archive is used without
.jar files specified in
cache_archive are treated
no differently than the
.jar files specified in HTML parameter
archive. Similar treatment is given to
cache_archive_ex when preload and version options
are not provided.
Class files and resources will be searched in the following order from the
.jar files specified by the HTML parameters
By default, without the cache_version attribute, applet caching will be updated if:
However, in some situations, the "Last-Modified" value returned from the web server through HTTP/HTTPS may not reflect the actual version of the applets. For example, if the web server crashes and all the files are restored, the cache_archive may have a different modification date on the server. Even if the cache_archive has not been updated, it will still force all the Java Plug-in clients to download the cache_archive again.
To strongly enforce the version update, it is recommended that the applet deployer use the cache_version attribute.
cache_version is used, applet caching will be updated if the
cache_version for the cache_archive is larger than the one
stored locally in the applet cache. Note that the version number is used for
triggering an update; there is no actual version number attached to the
file on the web server. In fact, unless version is used to trigger an update,
it is possible the applet on the web server could be updated without the applet
Using cache_version eliminates the need to connect to the web server to obtain "Modification-Date" and "Content-Length" of the cache_archive. In most cases this will speed up performance.
Although sticky applets are cached locally, they will still conform to the security policy defined by their original codebase and signer.
.jarfiles specified in the manifest's Class-Path variable using Java Plug-in's cache is currently not supported.
codebase. Full URLs are not supported in cache_archive.
java.io.IOException: Caching not supported for..." exception, this is because Java Plug-in was unable to get the expiration and last-modification dates for a given JAR file from the web server. If the Java Plug-in cannot get this information, there is no point in caching since the JAR file will be downloaded every time it is used. Even with this exception, however, the applet should work fine. This exception is merely informative.