Doclet API

Package com.sun.javadoc

The Doclet API (also called the Javadoc API) provides a mechanism for clients to inspect the source-level structure of programs and libraries, including javadoc comments embedded in the source.


Interface Summary
AnnotationDesc Represents an annotation.
AnnotationDesc.ElementValuePair Represents an association between an annotation type element and one of its values.
AnnotationTypeDoc Represents an annotation type.
AnnotationTypeElementDoc Represents an element of an annotation type.
AnnotationValue Represents a value of an annotation type element.
ClassDoc Represents a java class or interface and provides access to information about the class, the class's comment and tags, and the members of the class.
ConstructorDoc Represents a constructor of a java class.
Doc Represents Java language constructs (package, class, constructor, method, field) which have comments and have been processed by this run of javadoc.
DocErrorReporter This interface provides error, warning and notice printing.
ExecutableMemberDoc Represents a method or constructor of a java class.
FieldDoc Represents a field in a java class.
MemberDoc Represents a member of a java class: field, constructor, or method.
MethodDoc Represents a method of a java class.
PackageDoc Represents a java package.
Parameter Parameter information.
ParameterizedType Represents an invocation of a generic class or interface.
ParamTag Represents an @param documentation tag.
ProgramElementDoc Represents a java program element: class, interface, field, constructor, or method.
RootDoc Represents the root of the program structure information for one run of javadoc.
SeeTag Represents a user-defined cross-reference to related documentation.
SerialFieldTag Documents a Serializable field defined by an ObjectStreamField.
SourcePosition This interface describes a source position: filename, line number, and column number.
Tag Represents a simple documentation tag, such as @since, @author, @version.
ThrowsTag Represents a @throws or @exception documentation tag.
Type Represents a type.
TypeVariable Represents a type variable.
WildcardType Represents a wildcard type argument.

Class Summary
Doclet This is an example of a starting class for a doclet, showing the entry-point methods.

Enum Summary
LanguageVersion Java Programming Language version.

Package com.sun.javadoc Description

The Doclet API (also called the Javadoc API) provides a mechanism for clients to inspect the source-level structure of programs and libraries, including javadoc comments embedded in the source. This is useful for documentation, program checking, automatic code generation and many other tools.

Doclets are invoked by javadoc and use this API to write out program information to files. For example, the standard doclet is called by default and writes out documentation to HTML files.

The invocation is defined by the abstract Doclet class -- the entry point is the start method:

    public static boolean start(RootDoc root)
The RootDoc instance holds the root of the program structure information. From this root all other program structure information can be extracted.


When calling javadoc, you pass in package names and source file names -- these are called the specified packages and classes. You also pass in Javadoc options; the access control Javadoc options (-public, -protected, -package, and -private) filter program elements, producing a result set, called the included set, or "documented" set. (The unfiltered set is also available through allClasses(false).)

Throughout this API, the term class is normally a shorthand for "class or interface", as in: ClassDoc, allClasses(), and findClass(String). In only a couple of other places, it means "class, as opposed to interface", as in: Doc.isClass(). In the second sense, this API calls out four kinds of classes: ordinary classes, enums, errors and exceptions. Throughout the API, the detailed description of each program element describes explicitly which meaning is being used.

A qualified class or interface name is one that has its package name prepended to it, such as java.lang.String. A non-qualified name has no package name, such as String.


The following is an example doclet that displays information in the @param tags of the processed classes:
import com.sun.javadoc.*;

public class ListParams extends Doclet {

    public static boolean start(RootDoc root) {
        ClassDoc[] classes = root.classes();
        for (int i = 0; i < classes.length; ++i) {
            ClassDoc cd = classes[i];
        return true;

    static void printMembers(ExecutableMemberDoc[] mems) {
        for (int i = 0; i < mems.length; ++i) {
            ParamTag[] params = mems[i].paramTags();
            for (int j = 0; j < params.length; ++j) {
                System.out.println("   " + params[j].parameterName()
                    + " - " + params[j].parameterComment());
Interfaces and methods from the Javadoc API are marked in red. Doclet is an abstract class that specifies the invocation interface for doclets, Doclet holds class or interface information, ExecutableMemberDoc is a superinterface of MethodDoc and ConstructorDoc, and ParamTag holds information from "@param" tags.

This doclet when invoked with a command line like:

    javadoc -doclet ListParams -sourcepath <source-location> java.util
producing output like:
       index - index at which the specified element is to be inserted.
       element - element to be inserted.
       index - the index of the element to removed.

See Also:
Doclet, RootDoc

Doclet API

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